Tom Doak’s reversible eighteen hole course at the Forest Dunes resort in northern Michigan is now complete and growing in. And both architect and client, Forest Dunes owner Lew Thompson, report they are happy and excited with how the unusual design concept has worked out.
Doak, who says he has wanted to build a reversible course for many years, said the idea was initially inspired by the Old course at St Andrews, where he spend a year as a young man.
“I’m really pleased with it,” he said. “I’ve taken a few people out in the last month or two to walk through it in both directions, or play a few holes. Whichever way you’re playing, it never feels like you are going the wrong way.”
In the end, the success of the design rests with the greens. “It’s almost like they have to be approachable from 360 degrees around them, which limits how crazy you can make any contours,” says Brian Slawnik, who served as Renaissance Design’s lead associate for the project. “But when you build a really interesting green, both of the holes playing into it become outstanding.”
Two of the best holes, according to Doak, are the sixth and seventh playing in the counterclockwise direction. “The sixth is a very short par three with a wide and shallow green, and the seventh is a short par four with a long and narrow green that has a dip in the middle of it. But those are also two of the best holes playing clockwise. That seventh green lays out across the line of play from right to left, with the dip separating the two hole locations, and a big pine at the back right corner of the green really guards the right half. Then you play a short par four down to the sixth green, approaching on the long axis. So you get one wide green and one skinny one whichever way you’re playing, but in either case, the short par four is one of the better holes out there.”
Doak said the reversible format also gave him the opportunity to experiment with designs of famous or favourite holes he incorporated in some of his courses.
“I will occasionally build a hole to pay homage to something I’ve seen somewhere else,” he said. “For instance over the 35 courses I’ve built, I think I’ve built a version of the Redan hole from North Berwick four or five times. This course has a green somewhat like that too, the fourth hole in the counterclockwise routing.”
“Clockwise, that green comes at the end of the longest par fouron the course. Most of it slopes toward you on the second shot, but it also tilts pretty strongly from left to right. If you bail out to the left on your approach, it will be a very tricky little shot to keep it on the green from over there because of the tilt.”
“There are probably two or three greens when you are playing them in one direction you will think, ‘Oh yeah, I’ve seen some version of this green somewhere before,’ but part of the reason I used those greens is because I realised they would be interesting if you played them from a different direction,” he said.
Owner Thompson said higher handicap golfers will especially appreciate the wide fairways that will keep stray shots in play. Thompson said he expects some holes to be ready for play early in the summer with both directions open by August to limited preview play. The Loop will alternate the course routing on a daily basis allowing golfers to play each direction on back-to-back days.
Doak said designing greens at Forest Dunes was easier than locating tees since he had been mulling the reversible concept for so long he has a playbook in his head of ideas that would work and ones that would not.
“There are certain kinds of greens that we would not build at Forest Dunes because it would be harder to make them work from two directions at the same time,” he said. “When you are shaping and thinking about two directions it does make it trickier but we already had ruled out the things that would get us in trouble.”
On half of the holes players will approach the greens from straight in one way and then from 90 degrees or 120 degrees rather than straight in from the back of those greens.
Constructing tees took more thought, he said, because his routing has multiple changes in direction. "You will be playing one hole, say west, and you will turn and play south for the next hole,” he said. To make that seamless, some tees, are in fairways or just on the edge of fairways. It’s still efficient, because the tees only need to be half as big for each direction -- the sizes are based on the amount of traffic they have to handle.”
Doak said a big factor in how the course turned out was the contributions of his three top associates at Renaissance Golf Design, Slawnik, Brian Schneider, and Eric Iverson, who normally are scattered around the globe working on multiple Doak projects.
“Brian Slawnik ran the job and was there most of the time and Brian Schneider and Eric Iverson took turns coming in to shape,” Doak said. “There were only about three days when all four of us were on site but generally two of them were there whenever I was there. When we only have two projects going at a time that’s how it works.”
Doak said having that many eyes on this particular project was a big boost. “It would have been harder to tackle this idea if I were doing it just by myself,” he said. “Having different guys looking at it instead of just one of them you get some fresh ideas, and you don’t make any mistakes. It took some of the pressure off me. I could think more about being creative than making sure we don’t make a mistake.”